Heart Failure Concept Map

diagnose
ejection fraction
<40%
>100
vessel
integrity
leading cause
overstretching of
myocardial fibers
ischemic
cell death
limits
stenosis
or
regurgatation
reduced cadliac
output
weak
ventricle
ventricle
vibrations
backflow of blood
into lungs
Auscultation
of lungs
edema
in lungs
SOB
when
lying down
waking
at night
Weak
Atria
backflow of
blood into
peripheral
at 45
degrees
or less
hepatic vein
hepatic vein
Engorged liver &
spleen
lifelong
improve
heart
function
patient
education
patient
education
patient
education
Reduce
readmissions
Reduce
readmissions
Reduce
readmissions
slow HR
and lower BP, lesson
strain on heart
blood vessels dialate,
reduce BP and afterload on heart
increase
contractility
promote urination
types
Heart Failure
Diagnotic Testing
Echocardiogram
BNP
Catheratization
Comorbidities
Hypertention
Cardiomyopathy
Coronary Artery
Disease
Ventricle contracting
ability
Valve disorders
Heart Dysrhythmias
Left-Sided
S3 gallop
Pulmonary
Symptoms
Crackles in lungs
Wheezing
Orthopena
Paroxysmal
noctournal
dyspnea
Right-Sided
Rest of body
symptoms
Jugular Venous
Distension
Abdominal
Distension
Palpable liver
& spleen
Abdominal
Pain
Anorexia &
Nausea
Interventions
Pharmalogical
Nursing
Medical
Cadioversion/
Ablasion
ICD/Pacemaker insertion
VAD
Diet
Fluid Restriction
Medications
Discharge
Instructions
Beta-blockers/calcium channel clockers
ACE Inhibtors & ARBs
Inotropic Agents
Diuretics
40