Pathaphysiology of Acute Asthma Attack Mind Map

Pathophysiology of
Acute Asthma Attack
Bronchoconstriction/
Bronchospasm
Inflammation of airways
Acute Astma
Mucus Plugging
Relaxaction of Smooth Muscle
Beta-2 Adrenergic
receptors of bronchi
Expertise
Arterial Blood Gas
PaCO2 < 35 mmHg
PaO2 > 80 mmHg
pH < 7.35
O2 Saturation = 92-95%
Four Stages
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
Hyperventilation (low PCO2) and
a normal PO2
Hyperventilation with
hypoxemia
False-normal PCO2
sign of
Respiratory Muscle Fatigue
occurs with
Respiratory failure
needs
ventilatory support
aids in anti-inflammatory treatment drug Hydrocortisone
affects
Glucocorticoid Receptor
closing for 54.5 kg
54.54 ml of 100mg/2ml injectable solution
every 4 hurs
beware of
Adrenal Response
Suppression
if patient is in
accident
will go into shock,
which may result in death
used in conjection with
Beta-2 Agonists
Reverse Beta-2 Tolerance
aids in removing
mucus
hypersecretion
prevents
inhale 2.5ml of 0.5ml/2.5ml
inhalation solution every 6 hrs
classified as
anticholinergic drug
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