Ancient Greek Philosophy

Ancient Greek Philosophy
Bibliography
Hellenistic Philosophy
Epicureanism
Stoicism
Skepticism
The Cynics
Aristotle
Works
Method
Logic
Plato
Dialogues
Influence
Theory of Forms
Socrates
Morals and Ethics
Philosophy
Sophists
Early Philosophy/
PreSocratic
The Milesian or Ionian School
The Pythagoreans
Xenophanes of Colophon
Heraclitus of Ephesus
Parmenides of Elea
Zeno of Elea
Empedocles of Acragas
Atomists
Searched for elemental foundation of all things (atom) and origin of motion.
6th century BC
Sought intellectual foundation for religious way of life- metempsychosis
influenced by Egyptians- abstract and mathematical
Number
Late 6th century BCE
Change =unity
Saw unity between change and opposites as a god
Believed in a single deity that was entirely mind who was not at all physical.
Being is unchanging and the moving, changing world is simply an illusion
Reason without senses- foundation for Plato's thought and modern Christian view of God
opposite of Heraticles
Produced paradoxes that supported the ideas of his teacher, Parmenides, 'proved' that motion and divisibility were impossible.
Combined ideas of Heraclitus and Parmenides and came up with four elements that remain unchanged but form a changing, moving world.
Void with no matter exists and is composed of tiny particles of the same material with different shapes and sizes.
When these particles form certain vortexes, that is the world we live in.
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