AP Psychology

AP Psychology
Cognition
Memory
Explicit Memories-> conscious memories
Implicit Memories-> unintentional Memories
Three-Box/ Information-Processing Model
Sensory Memory
selective attention
Short-term/ Working memory
Long-term Memory
Episodic Memory
Semantic Memory
Procedural Memory
Levels of Processing Model
Deeply Processed
Shallowly Processed
Retrieval
Recognition
Recall
Ebbinghaus
Primacy Effect-> Beginning of a list
Recency Effect-> End of a list
Serial Position Effect
Problem Solving
Algorithms
Heuristics
Impediments
Rigidity/ Mental Set
Functional Fixedness
Confirmation Bias
Framing
Language
Element of Language
Phoneme
Morpheme
Syntax
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Thorndike
Cat & Puzzle Box
Law of effect-> pleasant/unpleasant consequences
instrumental learning
Punishment Vs. Reinforcement
Cognitive Learning
Observational Learning
Bandura
Modeling
Observation
Imitation
Latent Learning
Tolman
Abstract Learning
Insight Learning
Kohler
Chimpanzees and Bananas
Personality
Psychoanalytic/ Freudian Theory
Defense Mechanisms
Repression
Denial
Displacement
Projection
Reaction Formation
Regression
Rationalization
Intellectualization
Sublimation
Healthy Defense Mechanisms
Psychodynamic theories
Trait Theories
Factor Analysis
Abnormal Psychology
DSM
Axis I--Clinical Disorders
Depressive Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorders
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Axis II--Personality and Developmental Disorders
Antisocial
Paranoid
Dependent
Axis III--Medical Conditions
Axis IV--Psychosocial Conditions
Axis V--Global Assessment of Functioning
Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Phobias
Specific Phobia
Agoraphobia
Social Phobia
(GAD) Generalized Anxiety Disorders
Panic Disorders
(OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Cause of Anxiety Disorders
Psychoanalytic
Behaviorist
Cognitive
Somatoform Disorders
Hypochondriasis
Conversion Disorder
Cause of Somatoform Disorders
Psychodynamic
Behaviorist
Dissociative Disorders
Psychogenic Amnesia
Fugue
(DID) Dissociative Identity Disorders
Cause of Dissociative Disorders
Psychoanalytical
Behaviorist
Mood/ Affective Disorders
Unipolar/ Major Depression Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Dipolar/ Manic Depression
Dysthymic Disorders
Cause of Mood Disorder
Psychoanalytical
learning
Cognitive
Aaron Beck (Cognitive Triad)
Attribution
Cognitive-Behavioral
Martin Seligman (Learned Helpless)
Biological
Unipolar Depression
Low level of serotonin
Bipolar Disorder
Too Much Acetylcholine receptors
Depression
Low levels of norepinephrine
Schizophrenic Disorders
Delusions
Hallucination
Schizophrenia
Disorganized Schizophrenics
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Cause of Schizophrenic Disorders
Biological (Dopamine Hypothesis)
Antipsychotic Drugs
Side effect (Tardive Dyskinesia)
Parkinson's disease (Opposite of Schizophrenia)
Personality Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Vision
Cornea
Pupil
Lens
Retina
Cones ->Color
Robs ->black and white
Fovea
Bipolar Cells
Ganglion Cells
In the eye
Transduction
Color Vision
Trichromatic Theory
Opponent-Process Theory
Perception
Thresholds
Absolute Threshold
Subliminal
Difference Threshold/ just-noticeable threshold
Weber's law
Perceptual Theories
Signal Detection Theory
Response Criteria
False Positive
False Negative
Top-Down Processing
Schemata
Perceptual Set
Bottom-Up Processing
Constancy
Size Constancy
Shape Constancy
Brightness Constancy
Depth Cues
Monocular Cues
Linear Perspective
Relative Size Cue
Interposition Cue
Shadowing
Binocular Cues
Binocular/ Retinal Disparity
Convergence
State of Consciousness
Drugs
Agonist
Antagonist
Simulant
Caffeine
Cocaine
Amphetamine
Nicotine
Depressant
Alcohol
Barbiturate
Anxiolytic
Hallucinogens
LSD
Peyote
Psilocybin
Marijuana
Opiate
Morphine
Heroin
Methadone
Codeine
Treatment of Psychological Disorders
Therapy
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Freud
Free association
Dream analysis
Humanistic Therapy
Rogers
Free Will
Self-actualize
Client-centered therapy
Unconditioned positive regard
Behavioral Therapy
Wolpe
Systematic Desensitization
Relaxation
Anxiety Hierarchy
Counterconditioning
Cognitive Therapy
Beck
Challenging negative beliefs
Cognitive triad
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Ellis
Rational emotive behavior therapy
Challenging illogical ways of thinking
assigning behavioral homework
Group Therapy
Somatic Therapy
Eclectic Therapy
Therapist
Psychiatrist
Clinical Psychologist
Counseling Therapist
Psychoanalyst
Social Psychology
Group Dynamics
Norms
Social Loafing
Group Polarization
Group thinking
Deindividuation
Zimbardo's prison experiment
Obedience Study
Milgram
Electric shock
Over 60% obeyed
Social Cognition
Attitude Formation
Attribution Theory
Dispositional/ Person Attribution
Situation Attribution
Stable Attribution
Unstable Attribution
Kelley
Consistency
Distinctiveness
Consensus (共识)
Determine Person Vs. Situation
Attributional Biases
Fundamental Attribution
X Collectivist Cultures
Individualistic Culture
False-Consensus Effect
Self-Serving Bias
Just-World Belief
Biology
(EEG) Electroencephalogram
(CAT/ CT) Computerized Axial Tomography
(MRI) Magnetic Resonance Imaging
(PET) Position Emission Tomography
(fMRI) Functional MRI
Developmental Psychology
Cognitive Development
Piaget
Sensorimotor Stage
Preoperational Stage
Concrete Operations
Formal Operation
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