Understanding the Primary Vs. Secondary Markets with Mind Maps

Realizing how the primary market and the secondary market business sectors work is vital to seeing how the security exchange, stocks, and bonds and traded. Without them, the capital business sectors would be a lot harder to explore and considerably less beneficial. We will help you understand how these business sectors work, the primary market and secondary market, how they identify with singular financial specialists, and the primary market vs. the secondary market.


The market can have a wide range of implications, yet it is utilized frequently as a catch-all term to indicate both the primary market and the secondary market. Primary market and secondary market are both particular terms; the primary market alludes to the market that makes security, while the secondary market is one in which they are exchanged among financial specialists or investors.

The financial market is an existence where new securities are given to the public consistently of changed financial services and items, custom-fitted to people's need regardless of the income level. These items are purchased and sold in the capital market, which is further branched into the Primary Market vs. Secondary Market. In the primary and secondary markets, financial securities are exchanged, in the primary market, new financial security is traded while in the secondary market used or old ones are exchanged. Here is the further discussion about the two financial capital markets in detail, including the differences between them.

What Is a Primary Market?

The primary market is the place where securities are made. It is in this market that organizations sell new securities and stock for the first time. The first sale of stock, or Initial Public Offerings (IPO), is an illustration of a primary market. These exchanges give speculators a chance to purchase protections from the bank that did the underlying endorsing for a specific stock. An Initial Public Offering (IPO) happens when a privately owned business issues stock to general society unexpectedly.

All issues on the primary market are dependent upon severe guidelines. Organizations should record proclamations with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and different agencies of securities and should stand by until their filings are affirmed before they can open up to the public.

Costs are frequently unpredictable in the primary market since the demand is quite difficult to foresee when security is issued first. That is the reason a great deal of Initial Public Offerings is set at a low cost.

An organization can bring the greater value up in the primary market in the wake of entering the secondary market through a rights offering. The organization will offer allocated shares dependent on offers the investors effectively own. Another alternative is a private arrangement, where an organization may sell straightforwardly to a huge investor, for example, a bank or a mutual. For this situation, the offers are not unveiled to the public.


Suppose there is a company XYZ Enterprise. XYZ hires underwriting firms to determine the financial details of its initial public offerings (IPO). The underwriters hired details that the price of the stock issued will be $15. And investors can then get their hands on the initial public offering (IPO) at the stated price directly from the company that will be issuing.

This is the main chance that investors need to contribute capital to an organization through the acquisition of its stock. The equity capital of an organization contains the funds produced by the sale of stock on the primary market.

primary market

What Is the Secondary Market?

The secondary market is commonly referred to as the stock market as well in order to buy the equities. This incorporates the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Nasdaq, and all significant trades around the globe. In the secondary market, the characteristic that describes it the best is that investors do their trading amongst themselves.

That is, in the secondary market, without the involvement of the issuing companies, the investors do the trading amongst themselves of the previously issued securities. For instance, if that you go to purchase Amazon stock, you are managing another investor who possesses shares in Amazon. Amazon is not directly connected or involved with the exchange and transactions.

The investors who operate on a smaller scale have a greatly improved possibility of exchanging security on the secondary market since they are rejected from the Initial Public Offerings. Anybody can buy the security on the secondary market as long as they are eager to address the asking cost per share.

The secondary market is further broken down into two branches that are the auction market and the dealer market.

secondary market

Primary Market Vs. Secondary Market

The primary market and secondary market are confusing, therefore, it is important to know the major differences between the two. Here is a list of some of them:

  • The primary market deals in the selling of the new shares for the first time at the initial public offering. Whereas, in the secondary market, the investors sell the securities amongst themselves that were issued previously.
  • At times the primary market is referred to as the New Issue Market (NIM) and the defaults of the secondary market as the After Market.
  • In the primary market, the prices of the sales are fixed. Whereas, in the secondary market the prices of the sales keep fluctuating on various factors.
  • In the secondary market, the shares cannot be traded until they are issued on the primary market.


Although not the entirety of the practices that occur in the markets discussed influence the investors individually, it is acceptable to have an overall understanding and knowledge of the structure of the organization. How the securities are brought to the market and exchanged on different trades is vital to the market's capacity.