India Size and Location

INDIA
LOCATION
LATITUDE
Extent
Implications
1. difference in temperature
Tropical Climate in South India
Sub-Tropical Climate in North India
2. duration in day and night
almost equal in south India
seasonal variation is experienced in North India
LONGITUDE
Northern Hemisphere
3. Overhead Sun
regions located at or below South of Tropic of Cancer does experience it
regions located above north of Tropic of cancer doesn't experience this
Eastern Hemisphere
Extent
Implication
Standard Meridian
82"30'E
Middlemost longitude
passes through Mirzapur, UP
8"4'N - 37"6'N
Northern most point
Siachin Glacier(Ladakh)
Southern most point
Kanyakumari(Tamil Nadu)
68"7'E - 97"25'E
Easternmost point
Westernost point
Kibitoo(Arunachal Pradesh)
Guhar Moti(Gujarat)
SIZE
total land area
3.28 million sq. km.
rank
total coastline
7,516.6 sq. km.
7th largest
Distance
North-South
3214 km
East-West
2933 km
GEOGRAPHICAL EXTREMES
Hottest Place
Coldest Place
Wettest Place
Bikaner, Rajasthan
Dras, Ladakh
Mawsynram, Meghalaya
State with longest coastline
Gujarat
Largest State
Rajasthan
Smallest State
Goa
NEIGHBOURS
Western Neighbours
Eastern Neighbours
Northern Neighbours
Southern Neighbours
Pakistan
Bangladesh
China(Tibet)
Nepal
Bhutan
Oversea
Sri Lanka
Maldives
Afganisthan
North-East Neighbours
Myanmar
SURROUNDING WATERBODIES
SEA
OCEAN
GULF
BAY
STRAIT
Arabian Sea
Indian Ocean
Gulf of kutchh (Gujarat)
Gulf of Khmbat (Gujarat)
Bay of Bengal
Palk Strait
RELATIONSHIP WITH WORLD
Indian Ocean
Central location in Asia
Trans- Indian Oceanic Route
Country with the longest coastline on Indian Ocean
The only ocean named after a country
Mountain Passes
Connects East Asian Countries with European Countries
Connects East Asian Countries with West Asian Countries
Exhange of ideas
Borders
Mac Mohan Line
RadCliffe Line
Ten degree Channel
separates Andaman Islands from Nicobar Islands
India - Pakistan
India -China
India - Bangladesh
Palk Strait
India - Sri Lanka
Exchange of commodities
Upanishads
Ramayana & Mahabharata
Panchatantra
Spices
Muslin
Influences
Architecture
Indian Peninsula protrudes